Breast Cancer and Genetics
Articles Blog

Breast Cancer and Genetics

(relaxing music) – Breast cancer’s becoming very prevalent. One in eight women in their lifetime are expected to get breast cancer. If there’s a family
history, that risk goes up. Now there’s at least 10
breast cancer related genes that we can test for that we know increase a woman’s risk for breast cancer. If a patient has breast cancer, and they have a family
history of breast cancer, and generally it’s in
multiple generations. Mother, usually early onset breast cancer. There’s a male breast
cancer in the family, multiple breast cancers, if
there’s say one on each side. We have a genetic counseling program, and we recommend that patients who think that they may have
a hereditary type of pattern in their family, that they come in, and they meet with the genetic counselor and do a really good pedigree, and that will really tell us
what type of testing to do. (relaxing music) We’ll run the test. Takes a week to two to get back, and then we’ll go over the
results with the patient, and that’s where the genetic
counselor really comes in handy in giving the patient
the accurate information. If they have a positive test, what type of screening
do they need to undergo. (relaxing music) It allows a patient to be
proactive about their healthcare. Early mammographies,
sometimes we’ll use breast MRI to help us with the mammography, particularly in women who
have a dense breast tissue. We have a high risk clinic for women that have a family
history of breast cancer, or they have had a previous biopsy that suggests they’re at increased risk, or they have a mutation,
and they’ve been tested and they do test positive
for one of the mutations. We run the gamut all the way
from increased monitoring, where we can hopefully find
something at an early stage, if it does occur, to lifestyle
changes to different drugs that we can give to reduce a woman’s risk of breast cancer by blocking
the effect of estrogen. We can also take the more extreme measure, in women that are really high risk, which is prophylactic surgery
or removal of both breasts to prevent breast cancer. (relaxing music)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back To Top