Breeding tips!!  ball python genetics made simple
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Breeding tips!! ball python genetics made simple



hey guys it's Mouse reptiles and I coughed today or something you forgive me and I'm kind of getting over a cold of insight for a few days you can probably hear it my last video my voice looks like crap but we're getting better so that's good news and today we're going to talk about is genetics now I'm not going to get super deep into it I'm not a geneticist you know or any of those things but I use a lot of terms in this hobby and we don't always use those terms the correct way I think it causes some confusion for some people so I'm kind of thought about you know what would have been helpful when I was starting out and just kind of understanding the basic genetics of everything so what we're going to really focus on today in this one is heterozygous and homozygous and what exactly that is what it really means we call things head all the time you know but we also have some other things out there that you know we have sweeper forms of it and it gets kind of confusing we start throwing around these I guess we call it kind of made-up terms so let me just start by showing you an animal that is heterozygous and you're talking let me like our small country Louis but it is it is inches I'm going to pick the right one I'm actually going to show you one double heterozygous I'm going to show you this little girl right here when we produce last year we set it up there and she is believe it or not two genetic heterozygous she is a lesser pastel and you're probably saying that's not as I guess heterozygous refers to recessive traits like albino exotic and those kind of things well we do that most the time when heterozygous is really referring to is that it has one copy of the gene instead of getting it from both parents so this Venus got less than it is truly heterozygous mystic that's what it really is in the homozygous form meaning it has copied from each parent would be it would be a blue I'm Lucy you know the pastel again it's really heterozygous for super pastel homozygous being ill having a copy for both parents so I want you to think up as we go through and you're hearing these terms as heterozygous really means one copy of the gene and homozygous really means two copies of the gene so you really can have a snake that's heterozygous pasta or kept pastel and people say oh I still doesn't exist it does it's just the pastel this snake rate actually I'm the change this thing I'm going to show you for a good reason we're gonna have snakes all over say so bear with me this is what I'm a big breeder males go ah now this snake is a bumblebee right confusing there's that common talked about so this carry spider is spider there's some nobody knows what it really is well there's domina or what's going on with it you are crazy today but he is heterozygous pastel Annie carry spider there hasn't ever been unknown homozygous spider produced there's a lot of debate of why that is and that's for another day I'm not going to get into all that but he has heterozygous pastel he has one copy of gene Kirk can you try to keep them up there and film I know you have a stuff to do now firm appoint this house spider as well this is homozygous for Pascal you can see a difference so this is what we call super pastel spider or Killer Bee this is what we call a bumble bee or pastel spider but truth be told what this is is a heterozygous spider and a homozygous pastel this is the heterozygous spider and a heterozygous pastel and when you breed these the difference is going to come if I break this to a normal I will make normals I'll make heterozygous pastels I will make heterozygous spiders and I may make a hedges eye pastel sausages like a spider or a bumblebee it may recreate recreate itself now don't knock that little girl off I'm getting too many things out here yes here you just sit right there for a minute if I breathe this girl to a normal because she's homozygous for pastel she called super pastel she will pass pastel on to every single baby okay every baby is going to be a pastel some will also get the spider gene from her she will never recreate herself when bred to a normal and the reason to that is when it comes time to start past normal genetics she can't pass on both sides of that gene she's totally passed on one so that's now a lot of snakes out and start tying themselves up into places making a pain in the butt for you there you go oh it's broken bulb this is what I do on camera you can tell you really plan this fortunately was a bulb we weren't using yep everybody we're being a pain on my butt now so but that's why I want you to think of is it super when we say it's a super pastel or a super lesser blue-eyed leucistic or a super mojave or a super GHI what we're really referring to is it's homozygous well any of what we call reptile people tend to call Co dog which really it's an incomplete dominance in etic any of those that have a super form you can look at its heterozygous and homozygous now you're thinkin I probably just made it more confusing than it needs to be and once I get some new snake set up I'll show you I didn't because when you think of these in the form of heterozygous and homozygous I would have grabbed more get them out but we'll have a disaster if we do that before long something be runnin around underneath something so we can start unity recessive genes now remember me of heterozygous and homozygous and you often hear things called ahead this or head that let me get this part of the table out the way I'll plot one of my favorite examples let's go right here now again you see the spider gene we all know how much I love spider but this is heterozygous for example a henchman I guess for ghosts okay I know that 100% because what I bred but he doesn't show it but just like that pastel was heads like it's pastel I knew it carried the gene cuz I could see it this one I know because the parents were supers they were homozygous so they were visual recessive see heterozygous homozygous so it's a big curve stuff no broken glass and the crunchies and they connected follow me on try not to make noise face it's kind of funny they'll give you a good example how I know that is mom is right here this is mom okay mom's visual ghost so mom being homozygous for ghost has no choice but to pass a gene on when she made this baby she passed on genome it happened I know it happened I have no doubt about it there's no way it didn't look rusty laughter that's funny this was dad dad's instead he's always himself with my camera down the visual exam thing so you know what he did he had to pass on one copy too but it's really the same so she can produce eggs antek she can produce ghosts she has a 50% chance of passing a copy of that gene Holloway breeder but when you breathe a visual recessive it's a hundred percent chance and every time hundred percent chance we know what's going to happen so what does all that mean well it's something that's really important understand until the projects you're working because if you want to make recesses in or you're going to produce hats and breed your own stuff you got to kind understand how that works and I've asked people who have some confusion and rightfully so about what are my odds my breath' a head-to-head or if I breed an albino to a normal can I make albinos whoa we're all kinds of trippy today you're all right hey you're all right come on down freak and if you take an albino a visual albino why I always take snakes to talk about it said yeah she even said oh I know you pick a visual on vinyl like us here and you breed it to normal no albinos none reason beam let's take she's gonna pass a gene on right to every baby because she's homozygous she has to so every baby gets one copy now so they're all heterozygous for albino but it's mom's a normal or dad in this case is a normal no baby would get a second copy they need to to be homozygous and then the recessive you only see the homozygous form you don't see the heterozygous form just the humble so I guess you want to go back early so what do you think would happen if I read it to a head online now if it's a head albino it works just like that pastel gene right if I breathe up a spell to a normal half of get pastel half of them milk that's the opt-out of guarantee so if I heard this albino to a heterozygous albino I know every baby gets one copy from her right and I know every baby has a 50% chance of getting the copy from dad which means that half my clutch should look like her cuz they get both copies one from mom one from dad or homozygous I'll be visual recessive the flake pastel to get a copy from a copy from dad will be a homozygous pastel there'll be a super pastel like lesser copy for Mom copy from dad or lesser but just like you can't make a blue-eyed Lucy or a super lesser let's get lesser and mom and Lester and dad you can't make an albino or any other recessive which would be albino example clown elders a tongue ghost try moving on about 47 of them but you can never make that recessive gene visual unless both parents carry that gene so that's something to kind of think about when you're doing your breeding plan then it gets more convoluted we'll do another video on that one day anchor monotonous day about when you want to do like double recessive stuff or double homozygous animals and we are working on doing that and we're going to accomplish it but that's a lot longer on that takes more time so breakdown is basically one copy of any gene in a snake heterozygous two copies of any gene in the snake homozygous doesn't matter if it's an incomplete dominant like pastel GHI lesser you know banana any of that stuff or if it's recessive it still heterozygous and homozygous those terms don't change because of those two as far as the meaning of heterozygous and homozygous so we start thinking of everything in those two terms it makes it a little easier to understand because people are going to throw out terms like super well super just another word for homozygous we're going to you know shortages I guess to have and it's just another word for heterozygous you're also going to hear you know codon illa sale pastels codon because you can make a super technically we should be an incomplete dominant I believe it again I know geneticists of one's watching and you want to correct me feel free all bow down to a true geneticist but if it's an incomplete dominance and when you complete that making that homozygous you get a different look and that's really the difference there now there's also something called punnett squares this little problem that you can kind of run where you can run their genetics here unders X and get on most people nowadays defuse a genetic calculator there are some advantages to do it in both ways there's nothing wrong with doing it in the calculator or doing the squares the squares are not hard to do I'm not going to do it cuz my handwriting sucks if you really want to see that I'll tell you there's a guy by the name of Brian Cusco who did a really good video on running your punnett square so look him up and he knocked out of the park so I'm not going to reinvent the wheel and do squares but I want you to understand the terms are going to here because it's not always correct in this confusing so if you just simplify it in your own brain when you're thinking heterozygous and homozygous it just gets much clearer leaves a bit for me I probably confuse the whole world that's what I do sometimes Kurt any questions on that is there any tools like online anything that can help like tell you what the babies are going to be like the odds if you know what the parents are yes there are several places that counted in a calculator so when I use a multiplying world of ball pythons there's other ones out there I think be HP's website has a genetic calculator I think there's one that was like oh WL reptiles that had one I believe morph market how does it make calculator on it as well and what you can do there is you can go put your pairs to netic sin and your mother's genetics in and it will give you the babies and the odds so kind of nice makes things much easier you also can click if things are head so you could run well like for a female we have out here earlier miss Nike you can lift through as what she is so you can put in you know heterozygous albino catches is actually I said she said today ghost earlier tonight I completely screwed that up these are heterozygous cope her mom's action albino these are double head this is my double head spider ghost in a graphic that's funny sometimes like I think yes well you're the help is written down so she's actually double hat for snow or for snow so she's had an exam pick an albino and this one guy is head for ghost and a glass so that's the – hi buddy you look like you're all angry don't be angry I like you it's like constant on my face but anyway you can go to those websites you can run those calculators and they will help you with what you're going to get and it will also give you the percentages and the breakdown to the on so it's like one of the sixteen for this one it's all for this whatever the odds may be so those are a good place to go and if you're not sure take the time and go run those odds you know it's just a matter of the terms because I'll use super pastel a lot of those instead of my wish they would use homozygous pastel because I think we make more terms which makes it more confusing any other questions Kurt nope alright well guys thanks for watching and I'll see you all next week

34 thoughts on “Breeding tips!! ball python genetics made simple

  1. Btw awesome content man, I’ve been hooked on these videos, I’m considering getting a Ball Pit or 2 myself, but not until I’ve done sufficient research, and you make things really clear!!! Keep up the great work, shout out from Houston, Texas

  2. One of the first things I did before buying my first one was watched 100 videos on 🧬 lol, this is better cause you start with what’s actual

  3. You did NOT confuse me. I’m just wondering how I’d estimate the percentage of “possible het” an offspring could be. Say, if I bred an albino het pied with a normal het pied and had a 25% chance of a pied. The babies would all be het albino but would they be 100% het albino? I used a genetics calculator and got 100% het albino on all babies but also 66% het pied on the normal babies and that confused me. I’m also just not sure exactly how to know which combo of genes will equal a certain morph but I suppose that comes with research. I also wonder how someone knows if they’ve created a new morph. Anyway, great work and thank you!

  4. Olympus Reptiles I got a Super Vanilla Super Pastel and I want to eventually breed him when he gets big enough. What should I bring him with? Been watching these videos non-stop and me and my wife are going to be joining Patreon soon.

  5. Thank you!! I am just getting into the world of ball pythons and this is by far the most informative video I’ve found about genetics. I have been so confused and racking my brain trying to understand all of them and this was extremely helpful! Feel free to keep the informative videos coming haha

  6. Hey Olympus Reptiles, thanks for the super easy to comprehend video! I'm wondering what exactly a blue eyed lucy is. I have a pair of butter lemon pastels and if I breed them, I have a chance at making lucys but I don't understand how.

  7. I just asked on a really recent video by I was hoping you'd know. I got a orange ghost and I've heard you can't do anything with them genetically…. But it's that true? What can you do with them could I Mahe an orange dream? I feel like I'm talking spy Pokémon lol

  8. Wow, great video. I'm just starting my own breeding project, so I'm still completly new to this topic and your video just made my mind clearer. I thought that recessive genes are different than (co)dominants, and I thought that if you are willing to get visual recessive you can only get it in one form, like just albino or clown. But then I saw pastel pieds and I was just like "what the heck!?" How could that be. So someone explained that if you are breeding hets like pastel het. pied then childs can inherit pastel genes and it made sense for me, but still i thought that it's some kind of magic. Than I saw snakes with double hets and again I was like "why would you do that? how can you possibly mix two recessive genes togeter". I was still thinking that recessive are different kind of gene. Like there is only two spots for recessive and you have to fit them whit exact seme gene. But now it makes complete sense to me. It's just terminology that causes confusion. All "simple genetic tutorials" refers to "dominants", "co-dominants", "recessives" and het is referred only to recessives, so it makes illusion that those are different type of genes. Great, great video! Great channel, I'm just watching it like Netflix, literally 😀 Can't wait for more, thank you 🙂

  9. Cool vid – hope you have time to answer this.

    If you where to breed your well explained super pastel killer spider bumblebee to a banana what sort of odds are you looking at..?

    Or will it be 50% likely to hatch banana pastels..?

    Thanks and keep up the vids

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