Emotion: Physiological, Behavioral & Cognitive Components – Psychology & Sociology | Lecturio
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Emotion: Physiological, Behavioral & Cognitive Components – Psychology & Sociology | Lecturio


Okay, let’s get into how
we really respond to the world around us. So typically we were
talking about is emotion. And we are going to walk through
the three main components of what makes up emotion. So emotion is made up of
three main components. The first being
the physiological component. How does your body react
to a stressor? The second is the behavioral
component or our action in response to that stressor. And third is the cognitive
component. Or mentally how is that we
react to that stressor. So collectively these three
together will create the emotion that we impart. So the first component I’m going
to look at is physiological arousal. Physiological arousal refers how
does your body’s internal state changes in response
to that stressor. So when you think of arousal,
a lot of times you might think of say, sexual arousal. What we’re talking about here
is a larger umbrella term looking at the physiological
arousal. A sexual arousal would
fall underneath that. But we’re talking about
things as well as that. The second are the behavior
reactions to the emotion. Which includes how we
express our behavior. And then finally the cognitive
aspect involves how we’re going to interpret a situation
that’s in front of us. Those three together
will shape our emotion. So as I walk through
an example for you. So, two different scenarios,
I’m going to walk through how each component is going to react
and respond to that scenario. So scenario number 1. You are going for a walk. And you had to take a shortcut
to the forest. Now, as you’re walking
through the forest. you are faced in front a large
man-eating brown hairy bear. Okay, so what’s going to
happen to you physiologically. Physiologically you are going
to have increased heart rate. You are going to see an
increase in blood pressure. Your breathing might increase. You might start to
sweat profusely. Typically reactions to a bear
that you might have, right. Behaviorally what’s going to
happen, you are going to start swearing, right. I love swearing. I swear my brains out. You are going to arms in
the air and you are going to have a complete
behavior melt down. Cognitively what’s happening
in the brain, how are you assessing
the situation. Like most people
you are saying. “Oh, my god! This bear is going to kill
me.” “What should I do?” And you’ve heard this term
before when you’re faced with a situation like that,
as you say “My life flashed before
my eyes.” And that’s exactly what happens
as you start thinking of all the important things. You think about your childhood. You think about your mother. You think about that little
red bike that you wish you had. All of this happens
very quickly. And that’s your brain
interpreting the situation of this man-eating
brown hairy bear. Now, you put those collectively,
the physiological components. The behavioral component
and the cognitive component and that’s going to equal crying,
I’m scared. That is the emotion fear. Now let’s take a look
at another scenario. You are preparing
for the MCAT exam. You write the MCAT exam
and you ace you MCAT exam. And now you’re so excited. Your mother is so
excited for you that she’s going throw
for you a surprise party. Now you walk in the door. And you open the door, and everybody’s there screaming, everybody’s there. You have your mom,
your two friends, your parents, your cousins
and everyone is there to celebrate in your success. Now physiologically
what’s happening. Well, the first thing that’s
going to happen is increased heart rate, increased
blood pressure. Your breathing is going
to become more shallow. And you have sweating. As these look very similar to
the physiological response that you had the bear attack. So there’s some commonalities
there. Behavioral what’s going
to happen, same thing. You might start swearing
as soon as you walk in. Holy shish kabob! And you might also have
your arms in the air. Or you may cover your face
because you are alarmed, right. So that is some of that
arousal we’re talking about. And the behavior that you’re
reacting to that arousal. Now what differentiates this
scenario with the bear scenario, is the fact that cognitively
you are going to interpret the situation a little
bit differently. So initially you might be
assessed as a dangerous situation. A lot like the bear for you. But now you realize that
your friends are here. Your mom is there. You love your mom. And so now you transition
into something like, “Oh, I’m surprised
and I’m very excited.” And you begin to enjoy in the party
that they have for you. Okay, so just to summarize,
three components, two of the threes, so physiological and behavioral
would be the same, for the bear attack or the party
your mum threw for you. Like cognitively you see
some difference is there. And now results in two
different emotions. Fear versus happiness
and excitement.

4 thoughts on “Emotion: Physiological, Behavioral & Cognitive Components – Psychology & Sociology | Lecturio

  1. This is not correct. Psychology and physiology are typically concerned with the objective (that is, scientific) aspects of the emotions. Consequently, they are primarily interested in their causes – as law-like generalizations between certain cues or circumstances and typical emotional reactions. But what characterizes an emotion is its intentional object – as distinguished from its cause – so we can appreciate how far short of comprehensive understanding of the emotions any psychological or physiological theory must fall. To me, my passion is my way of seeing and structuring my world, whatever might be going on in the synapses of my brain, whatever long forgotten childhood traumas or hereditary primordial behavior may have set up this or that "complex" of reactions, and whether certain chemicals might be peddling their unseen influence in my experiences. What makes the causes of our emotions so insidious is precisely the fact that they have no place in our experience at all. The question we should be asking ourselves is, "Why did I make that judgment?" not "Why do I feel this way?".

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