Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Pathology and Treatment, Animation
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Pathology and Treatment, Animation

polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a
common hormonal disorder affecting about 10% of all women of reproductive age
PCOS is diagnosed when at least two of the following symptoms are present: irregular periods due to missed ovulation excess male hormone androgen as
evidenced by lab tests or physical signs such as excess facial and body hair
severe acne and baldness presence of numerous small fluid-filled cysts in the
ovaries which can be seen as dark circles on an ultrasound image this is
the symptom that originally gave the condition its name but is not always
present in PCOS patients PCOS is highly heritable but the inheritance pattern is
complex with multiple genetic factors implicated in the susceptibility to the
disease while the exact cause of PCOS is unknown disturbances in a number of
hormones are thought to be responsible PCOS patients usually have excess
luteinizing hormone LH together with a relatively low level of follicle
stimulating hormone FSH and increased levels of insulin an ovary contains
hundreds of thousands of immature eggs each of these is enclosed in a structure
called a follicle each month a number of these follicles develop compete with
each other and one of them survives and gives rise to a mature egg that is
released during ovulation follicle development is mediated by FSH a
pituitary hormone in PCOS patients FSH deficiency results in arrest of
follicular maturation the follicles stop halfway through their development and
become cysts impaired follicular development means no mature egg produced
or released hence the absence of ovulation insulin
is a hormone produced by the pancreas and it’s necessary for consumption of
blood glucose by the body’s cells increased insulin level in PCOS patients
as a result of the body compensatory response to insulin resistance
associated with PCOS excess insulin together with high levels of luteinizing
hormone induce and maintain overproduction of androgen by the
ovaries common complications of PCOS include infertility miscarriage or
premature birth type-2 diabetes obesity cardiovascular diseases mood disorders
and endometrial cancer while the choice of treatment may depend on the patient’s
individual concerns treating insulin resistance is generally recommended for
all women with PCOS lifestyle changes such as exercise dieting and weight loss
and medications such as metformin can lower both insulin and androgen levels
thus reducing the risks of type 2 diabetes and improving ovulation
patients who want to get pregnant may also be prescribed anti-estrogen
medication such as clomiphene on the other hand when fertility is not the
goal of treatment hormonal birth control a combination of estrogen and progestin
is usually prescribed to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce risks of
endometrial cancer this treatment may also help improve acne and reduce extra
body hair you

11 thoughts on “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Pathology and Treatment, Animation

  1. Nice information …..good lecture…..pls make vedeos on gyneacology like amenorrhoea dysmenorrea,dysmenorrhoea,hypermenorrea,metrorrhagia,menorrhagia, oligomenorrhoea……anatomy and physiology, abnormality, clinical sign and symptoms….pls make for this diseases……

  2. If this video is helpful to you, please consider supporting our next projects. As a token of our appreciation, we also offer early access to our videos and free image downloads in return, please check us out here: https://www.patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia

  3. Thank you for watching! As requested we recommend these tools/products that you may find helpful regarding ovulation and pregnancy: https://www.amazon.com/shop/alilamedicalmedia?listId=114QJ9A3BSGOU&ref=idea_share_inf

  4. Very helpful i have pcos and im 14 and recently been diagnosed for showing more male hormones and i havent had my period and only grew hair a year ago but got breast 4 years ago and my nans 3 sisters have pcos as well and they have diabetes but i dont but i have obeasity, asthma, mood swings and a few more but yh thx for the vid

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