What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder? (Signs, causes & treatment)
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What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder? (Signs, causes & treatment)


A research paper published in 2013 in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry showed that Body dysmorphic disorder, i.e. Body-image disorder or dysmorphophobia is a disorder that is so common yet unknown and most of the time, it is missed in the diagnosis A study showed that body dysmorphic disorder is most prevalent in rhino plastic surgery, acne dermatology general cosmetic surgery settings and in psychiatry patients in which most of them are teenagers or young adults and the number of females is higher than males In India, the most common body dysmorphic disorder is “Muscle dymorphia” Which, in bodybuilding community is known as “Bigorexia” or “Reverse anorexia” In this disorder, the affected person thinks that he/she is skinny, doesn’t have enough muscle or size and this disorder is seen in pro bodybuilders as well as in average sized athletes on the other hand, Indian girls are more concerned about their specific body parts and just like many other mental disorders, causes of BDD are biopsychosocial meaning, Body dysmorphic disorder is caused by genetics, physical disabilities, psychological trauma, bad parenting or social judgments if we talk about signs and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, then BDD’s features are really similar to OCD every 2 in 3 affected people are just reacting in an extreme manner to their own flaws and they just wanna get rid of that flaw. but others are just delusional common body areas in BDD are face, hair, stomach, thighs, hips or scars and most people with BDD think that a dermatological treatment or cosmetic surgery are good options also, this disorder involves depression and social withdrawal this is why most people have a low self-esteem they don’t like to see themselves in a mirror or any shiny surface they don’t like to be in bright lights, they change clothes often to look good, or they either reduce or increase their food intake drastically and they are really insecure, then they may avoid going out after getting a pimple or take hours to fix their hair and this negatively impacts their career, social connections and education which can give birth to suicidal tendencies this is body dysmorphic disorder is treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) CBT gives the patient a chance to face their own face by reducing their avoidance and how to accept one’s own flaws this is called “Cognitive Restructuring” through which, the therapist helps the patient to change his/her beliefs about their appearance On the other hand, SSRIs helps reducing the obsessive-compulsive behavior and delusion related to body-image

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