Why the Appearance of Design in Biology is Best Explained by the Existence of God
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Why the Appearance of Design in Biology is Best Explained by the Existence of God



we've looked at those things now let's go one more we seem to see attributes of design in biology not just the information you see things in biological structures that speak of design I had a case one time was just on Dateline about two months ago 1979 case a woman was murdered in this house in the back room that was an addition to the garage she lived there one night she was murdered while she was in her bedroom and when we got there we rolled the body over and under her body the killer had left something behind he had left behind the garage he had used to try to kill her eventually had to stab her to death because the garage didn't work but I can tell you that the minute they saw the garage the officers said we should probably collect this because this looks like a designed object because this could be explained by some accident or some piece that came off the tree next to her bed or some piece that came off the bed itself but no there's something about this that shows something we recognize it's an artifact it appears to be a designed weapon and that means you've got to have an artisan and a designer who would have actually responsible for such a thing so what is it about the garage that they recognized immediately that it was designed philosophers and thinkers have been thinking about this for a long time there are some good ones out there I take a slightly different approach it's a cumulative approach remember the more pieces that point to the same inference the more reasonable the inference so when it comes to this garage that was used to kill this woman I think I see eight things eight things that I recognize as attributes of design after spending eight years as a designer before I can a police officer I recognize these things in design I'm not gonna again cuz I love you guys I'm not gonna make you go through all eight of these but things I'm talking about are really can can just chance alone describe it no can natural law get you there no if there seems to be a certain goal Direction something in mind when he put those handles on the end you knew what he was gonna do he's gonna pull tight that's when I cut his fingers so even as the handles alone give you a certain idea of his goal direction right and use certain information action when I went to the search warrant at his house he was thinking of two ways to kill her both of which were silent one was a garage one was a crossbow crossbows don't make any noise so he still had the plans in his house for the crossbow so interestingly he was just as being driven by plans there's a certain amount of sophistication an irreducible complexity what is that well that's when you have to have many pieces in place at the same time before it'll work if you've got something that one piece a rope by itself you might say well it's only a rope heck that could be left over from who knows what but there's three pieces here this does not work until all three pieces are in place it's irreducibly complex 2 3 the more pieces are required the more sure mousetraps are irreducibly complex 2 6 pieces that's why we know they're designed when you start seeing these things they all point to the cumulative case for design those officers knew that was a design weapon because those eight attributes are there as a matter of fact if a detective would have come on long later and said don't collect that that's nothing that's not designed that's nothing really the officer still would have collected it you know why because if you're gonna tell me that something that is so obviously designed is not designed that it got there some other way well that burdens on you not on me I see the attributes of design I'm collecting it don't think the only burden is on us folks if I can explain this there's some natural process that burden is on you I could have picked this template and apply it to other things here's a bogan via tree in front of my house right in that tree I often find what nests do I think this just happened cuz the wind blew it together does it grow on the tree that way or is it the product of intelligent design birds who intelligent look at how this is actually break very beautiful it's got the the thicker things on the outside it's nice and soft fine on the inside you can almost tell what it's for just based on its design and it resembles other designed objects like bowls we already know it's now you might say well I don't see a certain informational dependency you don't need DNA to get that I don't see certain areas fine you don't need all eight things to know it's designed the more you have the better the case but it turns out you only have five attributes of design here and you know that's not just from the wind that's a designed object and you got there with just five of the eight attributes so why do I tell you all this because let's take a look and you can take out those three you still have a good case that's a good case for design I'm introducing this to you because Michael Behe it was a bit of a friend he actually read my chapter on this issue so I can make sure I wasn't writing any checks I cook in cash he was great and he actually saw something years ago that he identified it has become kind of the icon of the intelligent design movement he wrote a book called Darwin's back black box what he discovered in bacterial flagella organisms is a little motor that drives the bacteria the motor is called a flagellum and it looks like this in the wall of the bacteria is a motor made of 40 proteins assembled in a very specific formula very specific pattern which builds out this whipping tail that can stop on a dime turn directions and bend any way it wants and this whipping tail is what drives bacteria the question is how in the world does that forty piece protein machine ever get like that this is a motor a rotary motor we didn't even discover until 1978 by that time we were making rotary engines for years it looks just like our rotary motors yet we're gonna ask the question can I get this through by staying inside the room through some natural process of law or do I have to go outside the room to get this I think we see the same eight things I do a whole presentation we just talk about what these 8 thing I'm not gonna do that to you but the point is we have at least six of these things even if you're gonna say I don't see two of them fine I think I actually are there this is enough for me to infer design about that motor it's kind of like this if I was take you out in the woods and I say wow we discovered this stand and have motor on it would you say look what the wind blows this is a great grows in these woods no you would know immediately this is not part of that environment because you recognize again that's not natural it's a product of design why because there are a number of attributes which you assign to this turns out biology is filled with molecular machines just like this and this is why the famous atheist Richard Dawkins says it this way he says that really biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose so even he recognizes that this is not as as stipulated this is what you see and/or it Richard dort says these are both atheists here's what they say he's Robert doar it says it this way the apparent fit between organisms seems to suggest some higher intelligence at work some supervisory gardener bringing harmony and color to the garden that's the problem so how do I explain that motor naturally by staying in the room some have suggested well maybe it evolved from a slightly less complicated thing called a type 3 secretion system that type 3 secretion system does look a lot like the motor doesn't it it is dramatically different in function it may look like the motor but it is nothing similar what it actually does the motor does here's the other problem this is a 30-piece designed object it has all the attributes of design we see in this one the question I have is how did this one come about if you think we got from zero proteins to 30 to get this can you please show me the pathway from zero to 30 because remember in biology if evolution is true you've got to have a one protein thingamajiggy that helps the organism that survives and passes on till then it comes to two protein thingamajiggy then a three protein thingamajiggy you got to show me a pathway a functional pathway from zero proteins to 30 to get this then you got to show me from 30 to 40 to get this guess what no one can find that and there's no remnant in the biological systems of anything along the way now evolutionary biologists are more inclined to say you know what I can't get this from this but this may have de volved into this because they know how hard it is to go in the other direction it's much easier to get broken LEGO pieces than to shake the Lego machine the Lego box and get all the pieces to come together it's easier to break them apart so if you're gonna stay in the room by offering some form of evolution good luck with that knock yourself out of course the problem is that we see the attributes of design but what kind of force could actually design design requires choices to be made you got to go back outside their room and this is why Michael Denton says it this way that each consistent constituent utilized by a cell for a particular biological role each cog in the watch turns out to be the only at the same time the ideal candidate for its role particularly suggestive of design moreover there's simply no way that such prefabrication could be the result of natural selection but if there is something that is capable of designing on the outside that might explain it

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